Taariikhda Tareenka Qubrus iyo Khariidad

taariikhda cibris tareenka
taariikhda cibris tareenka

Waa shirkad tareenka ka shaqeysa oo ka shaqeysa Cyprus intii u dhaxeysay 1905-1951 kuna hoos jirtay magaca Shirkadda Tareenka Dawladda ee Cyprus. Wuxuu ka shaqeeyey khadka khadka u dhexeeya tuulada Evrihu ee Lefke iyo magaalada Famagusta. Muddadii ay shaqeyneysey oo dhan, waxay wadar ahaan wadar ahaan 3.199.934 ton oo xamuul ah iyo 7.348.643 rakaab ah.


Dhismihiisu wuxuu bilaabmay 1904, ka dib furitaankii qaybta Nicosia-Famagusta, lugtii koowaad ee qadka, waxaa sameeyey Wakiilka Sare ee Boqortooyada Ingiriiska Sir Charles Anthony King-Harman, waxayna duullimaadkeedii ugu horreeyay ka bilowdey Nicosia illaa Nicosia 21kii Oktoobar 1905. Isla sanadkaas, ayaa la bilaabay howlihii qadka Nicosia-Omorfo qeybtanna waxaa lagu dhameeyay labo sano gudahood. Ugu dambayntiina, shaqada laynka Omorfo-Evrihu waxaa la bilaabay 1913, waxaana khadka la dhammeeyay 1915 iyadoo la bilaabayo qeybtan.

Ujeedada dhismaha ayaa ah gaadiidka khudaarta, miraha laga soo saaray hareeraha magaalada Omorfo (Güzelyurt) iyo macdanta naxaasta laga soo saaray magaalada Lefke kuna soo xirta dekada Larnaca. Ujeeddadan darteed, safka Omorfo-Larnaca ayaa markii hore la tixgaliyay. Laakiin markii dambe, joogsiga ugu dambeeya ee khadka ayaa laga beddelay Larnaca oo loo wareejiyay Famagusta, markii qaar ka mid ah dadka caan ku ah Larnaca ay sheegteen in tareenka uu wiiqi doono ganacsiga geela iyo in dadka ka imanaya ay dhibaato kala kulmi doonaan.

Maalgalinta tareenka ee lagu bixinayo £ 127,468 (Pound) waxaa lagu bixiyay amaah sida uu dhigayo Sharciga Amaahda Colonial ee 1899, xariiqa ayaa asal ahaan lagu dhisay qandaraas hoosaad.

Macluumaadka khadka Tareenka

Wadarta dhererka xariiqu waa 76mil (122 km), qaddarka tareenka waa 2 fiit 6 inji (76,2 cm). Waxaa jiray lugeeyayaal afar saldhig oo waaweyn. Xariiqa khadka ayaa ahaa 100 1 60 inta udhaxeysa Famagusta Nicosia iyo 1 in XNUMXkii u dhaxeeyey Nicosia Omorfo

Waxaa khadka ku jiray qiyaastii 30 saldhig, gaar ahaan Evrihu, Omorfo (Güzelyurt), Nicosia iyo Famagusta. Magacyada boostada waxaa lagu qoray afka turkiga (Ottoman Turkish), Greek iyo English. Qaar ka mid ah idaacadahaan ayaa sidoo kale loo adeegsaday inay yihiin wakaaladaha boostada iyo taleefannada. Tareenka wuxuu qaatay masaafada u dhexeysa Nicosia iyo Famagusta qiyaastii 30 saacadood, iyadoo celcelis ahaan xawaarekiisu yahay 48 mph (qiyaastii 2 km / saacaddii). Waqtiga safarka ee safka oo dhami wuxuu ahaa 4 saacadood.

Saldhigyada iyo Jidadka

  • Dekadda Famagusta
  • MAĞUSA
  • Enkomi (Tuzla)
  • Stylos (Mutluyaka)
  • Gaidhoura (Korkuteli)
  • Saldhigga (Dortyol)
  • Pyrga (Pirhan)
  • Yenagra (Calendula)
  • Vitsada (Pınarlı)
  • Mousoulita (Ulukışla)
  • Angastina (Aslanköy)
  • Exometohi (Düzova)
  • Epikho (Cihangir)
  • Trakhoni (Demirhan)
  • Mia Milia (Haspolat)
  • Kaimakli - (Kareem)
  • NICOSIA
  • Yerolakko (Alayköy)
  • reer Trimithi ah
  • Dheni to
  • Avlona (Gayretköy)
  • Peristerona
  • Katokopia (Zümrütköy)
  • Argakhi (Akcay)
  • OMORFO (Güzelyurt)
  • Nikita (Güneşköy)
  • Kazivera (Gaziveren)
  • Pentagia (Yeşilyurt)
  • Amlıköy LEFKE
  • Agios nikolaos
  • flau
  • EVRYCHOU - 760

Macluumaadkan waxaa iska leh qadka 1912 ilaa iyo markii khadka laga bilaabo Omorfo ilaa EVRYCHOU goor dambe la furay, macluumaadka masaafada saldhigga ee khadkaas kuma jiro liistadan.

Xiritaanka Khadkii Tareenka iyo Waqtigi U Dambeeyay

Go'aanka waxaa gaadhay maamulka gumeysiga Ingriiska si loo joojiyo adeegyada tareenka sababtuna tahay gaadiidka oo soo fiicnaaday, baahida loo qabo jidadka tareennada iyo sababa dhaqaale. Go'aankan oo la qaatay 1951, Safar Qudus 48-sano qaadatay ayaa la soo afjaray. Duulimaadkiisii ​​ugu dambeeyay wuxuu ku dhammaaday Saldhigga Famagusta markay ahayd Disembar 31, 1951 saacaddu markay ahayd 14:57 safarka uu ka yimid Nicosia illaa Famagusta.

Qiyaastii 200 oo shaqaale ah iyo shaqaale dowladeed oo u shaqeeya shirkadda ayaa loo wareejiyay xarumaha rasmiga ah.

Khadkii Tareenka Maanta

Kadib markii tareennadu istaageen, maamulka gumeystaha Ingriiska wuxuu ka iibiyay dhamaan wadooyinka khadka tareenka iyo tareenka waxaana lagu iibiyay shirkad la yiraahdo Meyer Newman & Co £ 65.626. Sababtaas awgeed, qaybo kama hadhaan waddooyinka khadka.

Dhismaha saldhigyada Güzelyurt, Nicosia iyo Famagusta ee ku yaal xudduudda Waqooyiga Qubrus wali waxay u taagan yihiin una furan yihiin adeegyo meelo kala duwan ah. Saldhigga EVRYCHOU, dhinaca kale, wuxuu ku yaal dhulka ay gacanta ku hayaan Qubrus sidoo kale wuxuu u adeegaa ujeedooyin kale. Sida laba ka mid ah 12-ka xaraash ee ay adeegsatay shirkadda; Goobta la-talinta ee lambarka 1-aad wuxuu ku yaal bannaanka Xarunta Diiwaangelinta Dhulka ee Famagusta, halka loo-yaqaanka lambar 2 wuxuu ku yaal Beerta dabbaasha ee Güzelyurt.

Saldhigga 'EVRYCHOU'

Saldhigga 'EVRYCHOU', oo sidoo kale leh miinooyin naxaas ah, ayaa wali la heli karaa maanta.

Khariiddada Tareenka Qubrus

Khariiddada Tareenka Qubrus

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